In recent years interactions from chiral effective field theory (chiral EFT) have been used very successfully in ab-initio nuclear structure calculations of light and medium-mass nuclei. Recently, the Low Energy Nuclear Physics International Collaboration (LENPIC, www.lenpic.org) has started to develop a new generation of chiral interactions that allows for a systematic order-by-order analysis of the convergence of the chiral EFT expansion and a consistent quantification of theory uncertainties for nuclear structure observables .
Using these interactions directly in a many-body calculation is computational expensive, hence, we use the Similarity Renormalization Group (SRG) to ’soften’ these interactions. The SRG improves the convergence properties of many-body calculations, however, the SRG itself involves large-scale numerical calculations with highly specialized and optimized codes that have been developed in our group over the past years. In this project we produced the matrix elements for interactions with the regularization scheme used in the LENPIC collaboration and in addition for a set of different interactions that are based on a nonlocal regularization scheme but allow the same order-by-order analysis. First results were presented on international conferences [2;3].
Chiral EFT also predicts four-nucleon (4N) interactions, which are usually neglected for calculations of finite nuclei. In the last year we have thoroughly investigated the effect of chiral 4N interaction in nuclear structure calculations, using about half of the computing resources in this project. For the first time we have been able to include partial-wave decomposed chiral 4N interactions in many-body calculations. These novel capabilities have been used to investigate these interactions for varying parameters and different nuclei. Especially calculations of heavier nuclei require the inclusion of all relevant angular momentum channels, which have been constructed during the last year. Overall, we find a very weak effect of the chiral 4N interactions on the ground-state energy.
Additionally, we have investigated a simple phenomenological 4N interaction using the established framework. While it is efficiently possible to include such an interaction in many-body calculations, the chosen interaction was too simple to improve upon the radii and ground-state energies using. However, the results prompt us to further investigate alternative choices for a phenomenological interaction. All investigations employing 4N interactions are discussed in detail in .
Furthermore, we studied the influence of various alternative generators for the SRG on the strength of induced many-body forces and convergence behavior due to model-space size in subsequent many-body calculations which lead to a bachelor thesis  and we will extend these topic in the next period.
In addition development studies for a consistent inclusion of electromagnetic operators were studied in a master project .